Founded on May 22, 1902, Crater Lake National Park in Oregon was the sixth national park established in the United States. It’s also about to fully open for its brief but beautiful spring/summer season. If you want to fully appreciate one of the bluest and deepest lakes on earth, start planning your visit now.
The words “crater” and “lake” are right in the name of this park which is pretty dramatic in and of itself. However, it wasn’t until we arrived at the park’s Rim Village and looked down into the caldera that the full drama of the place finally hit us: it’s the blue.
In 1853 the first European to see the lake, John Wesley Hillman, dubbed it “Deep Blue Lake.” Profoundly unimaginative, but totally accurate. Crater Lake, which was formed almost 8,000 years ago after a massive volcanic eruption obliterated Mount Mazama, is both stunningly blue and incredibly deep–the deepest lake in the United States and the ninth deepest lake on Earth.
Maybe the color comes from the fact that the water, collected over centuries, is pure rain and snow melt. No potentially polluting rivers flow into or out of Crater Lake. Maybe the color comes from the extreme depth of Crater Lake which has been recorded at nearly 2,000 feet (600 meters) in high rainfall years.
In the end, the reasons are irrelevant. You will be stunned by the color and you won’t care why.
There are a number of vantage points to enjoy Crater Lake from. We hiked up 9,000 foot (2,743 meter) Mount Scott twice because the views down to the lake were so stunning and so we could call our friend Scott from the top on his birthday.
A nice walk in the opposite direction is the 3/4 mile (1.2 km) Cleetwood Cove Trail which drops 1,000 feet (300 meters) to the edge of the lake itself. It’s steep but worth it for the chance to look right into the incredibly clear water.
Standing on the lake shore it seemed like we could see all the way to the bottom of the lake hundreds of feet below–and we were nearly right. Record clarity in Crater Lake has been recorded at 134 feet (41 meters). Average clarity is 100 feet (30 meters).
We were very tempted to go SCUBA diving in Crater Lake, which is possible for experienced divers with a special permit. However the prospect of carrying SCUBA gear and lugging a tank up and down that trail was pretty daunting.
Crater Lake National Park received more than 30 feet (nine meters) of snow this past winter. That’s well below the average of 40 feet (12 meters) but, as we post this, park workers are still struggling to get roads cleared and facilities open. The seven mile road up to Rim Village stays open year-round (weather permitting) but check on the park’s website for updates about the opening date for full facilities and when the park road will open to vehicles. This usually happens in June.
Fun fact: The Oregon state commemorative quarter, released in 2005, has an image of Crater Lake on it.