Border Crossing 101: Desaguadero, Peru to Desaguadero, Bolivia


This South American border crossing is the primary link between Peru and Bolivia, but it’s not the only one. The border crossing at Copacabana, Bolivia, for example is small and relaxed. In contrast, the Desaguadero border is a dirty, busy place. However, if you cross at Desaguadero you get a more direct route to La Paz, passing right by Bolivia’s most famous archaeological site, Tiwanaku, and you don’t need to take the ferry that connects Copacabana to La Paz. Here’s how the border between Peru and Bolivia at Desaguadero goes.

Peru side of the Desaguadero crossing

Desaguadero is not a pretty place.

From: Desaquadero, Peru

To: Desaguadero, Bolivia

Date: January 4, 2018

Lay of the land: On the north end of town, on the edge of Lake Titikaka, is the old bridge which is used by individuals and passenger cars so there is very little vehicular traffic. On the south end of town is a newer crossing for the many, many cargo trucks bringing commercial goods into landlocked Bolivia. Immigration and customs facilities are adjacent to each other on both sides of the border, which is separated by a small bridge that crosses the small Desaguadero River as it enters Lake Titikaka. The facilities are old (the computer system went down while our truck paperwork was being processed on the Bolivia side) and cramped, but they eventually get the job done.

Desaguadero Bolivia border crossing

Crossing from Peru into Bolivia.

Elapsed time: 11:45 am to 2:10 pm (2 hours and 35 minutes)

Number of days given: Though you and your vehicle can stay in Bolivia for up to 90 days in any calendar year, they dole out those days in 30 day blocks which means every 30 days you have to visit an immigration office to renew your entry permit and an aduana (customs) office to renew the temporary importation permit for your vehicle. Though sometimes you get lucky. When we crossed the border at Copacabana the customs official there asked us how long we’d like and gave us 90 days on the spot.

Fees: There were no border fees, though there was a 5 soles (US$1.50) fee to drive over the short bridge that connects the Peru side to the Bolivia side. Note that citizens of some countries (including the US) must get a complicated and costly visa.

Desaguadero River entering Lake Titikaka

The Desagaudero River entering Lake Titikaka at the border.

Vehicle insurance needed: Bolivia requires that all drivers have SOAT insurance, though it’s often not sold at borders (including this one) which requires a visit to a SOAT office after entry.

Where to fill up: Fuel in Bolivia is cheap for locals but expensive for foreign drivers unless you can find a station worker willing to sell you fuel “sin factura” at a price somewhere between the two. If you don’t want to pay the high foreigner price for fuel or play the haggling game with station attendants, then fill up in Peru. On the Peru side, fuel prices are higher than the Peruvian average until you get east of Puno, about 100 miles (160 km) away, or until you get down near the coast at least 240 miles (385 km) south of the border.

Chola condom protection PSA Bolivia

A public health announcement in the immigration office on the Bolivia side of the border.

Need to know: This border crossing is at 12,556 feet (3,827 meters) so be prepared for the high altitude. If you’re coming from Cusco or Puno you will probably already be acclimatized. However, if you are coming from Lima or the coast, beware. In a mere 100 miles (160 km) the highway takes you from sea level to well over 15,000 feet (4,572 meters) and then slightly down to this border. The towns of Desaguadero on both sides of the border are dirty and unappealing so don’t plan to stay there unless you absolutely have to. Cargo trucks cross at their own facilities, so this border is only for buses and individuals which makes it a bit less hectic and jammed up. When leaving Peru you must show the receipt you got when you entered, so don’t lose that. There are obvious money changers on the Peru side of the border, but on the Bolivian side you will have to ask for money changers in the many shops. Also during certain times of the year you lose an hour going from Peru to Bolivia (or gain an hour in the other direction), so check the time. Another interesting note: no one ever cross-checked the VIN # on our truck to make sure it matched our documents nor did anyone ever inspect the truck. That’s a first. Also, look for our Trans-Americas Journey sticker on both sides of this border.

Flags of Bolivia

Flags of Bolivia: The one on the left represent La Paz Department,  the one in the middle is the Wiphala flag which represents the native people of the Andes, and the one on the right is the Bolivian national flag.

Duty free: Nope

Overall border rating: Dirty, but efficient

Here’s more about travel in Peru

Here’s more about travel in Bolivia

 

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One comment on “Border Crossing 101: Desaguadero, Peru to Desaguadero, Bolivia

  1. Interesting how gas is expensive for foreigners in Bolivia. Then again it makes sense. Here in Thailand many things have a Thai and farang price. I know Bolivia is a proud, independent land in many ways. Thanks for the fascinating share. Gotta love a good border crossing!

    Ryan

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