Oh, those crazy Franciscan monks with their walking and their teaching and their building! A collection of Franciscan missions in the Sierra Gorda near Querétaro, Mexico are the marvelous legacy of one particularly amazing friar.
Fantastic facades of the Franciscan Missions
Between 1751 and 1766, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra oversaw the completion of five Mexican Baroque missions near the city of Querétaro. The missions are stunning even today and were collectively declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003.
The facades are the thing with the Sierra Gorda Franciscan missions, each one displaying a different style and personality. They must have seemed like miracles in the 18th century. Friar Serra died in 1784 in Carmel, California. Yes, he walked that far. He was beautified in the late 1900s.
While we knew that the facade of the mission in Tancoyol was carved out of stone, it somehow seemed soft, like sculpted marshmallow. Like all of the missions, the Tancoyol decor includes Christian symbols as well as symbols associated with the indigenous people living in the religion. Jaguars, some dude who looks like a member of the Olmec people, and St. Francis are all part of the Tancoyol mission facade which is the most elaborate of all of the missions.
The interior of the mission, by contrast, is perfectly plain.
The Tilaco mission has the smallest facade of the five missions and it looks like a page out of a storybook with fanciful depictions of mermaids and tasseled curtains and flowers. The village of Tilaco has a bit of a storybook feel to it as well with exceptionally well-planned and well-kept streets and neighborhoods.
The Landa mission, dedicated to the immaculate conception, has the darkest facade of the five missions and is bursting with saints: there’s Saint Peter, Saint Paul, Saint John of Capistrano Saint Stephen, Saint Lawrence, Blessed Alberto of Sarzana, Saint Vincent and Saint Michael the Archangel and we’re sure we’re missing a few.
Jalpan is the biggest town on the mission circuit and the mission here was actually constructed by Friar Serra (not just overseen by him). We liked the fact that the Virgin of the Pillar (Spain’s virgin) and the Virgin of Guadalupe (Mexico’s virgin) are carved on an equal level in the mission’s facade. The facade also features Mexico’s official emblem: an eagle devouring a snake.
The Concá mission was our favorite in part because the images on its facade are more organic, more indigenous and less dogmatic. Instead of a yearbook’s worth of saints, this mission presents fruits and vines and flowers. Okay, and a few saints…
What a great post! I really liked it. It’s really grateful when we find people interested and engaged with the Mexican origin and history. Well, probably it’s not only about mexican history, it involves also part of what currently U.S. is. Nevertheless, finding this kind of posts makes us be more proud of our origins. We really appreciate it.
Jalpan recently was declared a Pueblo Magico too. Do you think it merits that designation?
[…] in Querétaro, make time to tour the Queretaro’s five Franciscan missions (collectively protected as a UNESCO World Heritage site), stop by the tasting rooms of area […]
Great report on Junipero and his fellow Franciscans, and their work in the Sierra Gorda: short, well-written, motivating.
I have writing several posts in my blog on Fray Junipero and his Missions. Amazing person.