The national dress of Panama is an elaborate, spendy, oddly modest yet alluring get up called a pollera and we got an eyeful of polleras in Panama during the final day of Carnival (aka Carnaval) celebrations in the towns of La Villa de Los Santos, Santo Domingo, and Las Tablas.
You could buy a new car with that
Polleras are actually a Spanish invention but they’ve been wholeheartedly embraced in Panama where the tradition is enjoying a healthy resurgence, despite the price tag. Polleras are undoubtedly beautiful and it’s easy to see the level of work that goes into each one but we were stunned to learn that the very best polleras can cost tens of thousands of dollars for the hand-stitched pleated skirt and underskirt and the embroidered yoked top. By the time you’re properly decked out you could be looking at a US$60,000 outfit.
There are a handful of master pollera seamstresses still at work in Panama and a quality pollera can take six months or more to hand stitch.
Of course, no pollera is complete without the right accessories which, tradition dictates, must be in the form of elaborate, long, solid gold necklaces and ornate gold hair combs and head dresses called tembleques. Sometimes these headdresses are adorned with Swarovski crystals.
There are a lot of rules too. For example, the shoes (blessedly, flat for once) must be the same color as the fluffy pom poms and ribbon on the dress. And, no, we have no idea what the pom pom signifies. Please chime in if you do. Young women also wear a pollera style that’s different from the version worn by adult women.
A peek backstage at pollera preparations
Polleras played an important roll in the final day of Carnival in Panama. We got a backstage look at the pollera preparations in La Villa de Los Santos as Joanne Vásquez, the local Calle Abajo Carnival Queen, put the final touches on her stunning outfit before participating in the pollera parade around that town’s sleepy town square and past the proud church.
We’d witnessed Joanne’s crowning three days earlier and the contrast between her flashy coronation dress (which involved a bra top, a skin-tight skirt slit up to there, and lots of red beading) and her elegant, heirloom pollera was stark.
The quiet authenticity of polleras in Panama
In the small farming community of Santo Domingo the Carnival queens lacked the polish (and checkbooks) of the Carnival queens in Las Tablas. However, the whole town got involved and poured plenty of pride into their procession which included kids barely old enough to walk all the way up to grandmas almost too old to get around.
What Santo Domingo lacked in big-city flash it made up for in quiet authenticity as the town turned out in traditional finery to celebrate the final day of Carnival as you can see in our video, below.
Like a walking Fort Knox
Not surprisingly, the pollera parade in Las Tablas was the largest and richest in the region. Hundreds of local girls and women turned out in their finery and they were ultimately joined by Ana Gabriela Rodríguez Vasquez the Calle Abajo Carnival Queen and Maruquel Madelaine Gonzalez Valesquez, the Calle Arriba Carnival Queen. This was a great opportunity to see the different styles and colors of polleras side by side, like a pollera fashion show.
The Calle Arriba Queen had so much gold hanging around her neck we thought she’d topple over. No wonder she had a sort of human force field around her. She was like a walking Fort Knox.
Will the Calle Arriba Carnival Queen collapse under the weight of all the gold she’s wearing? See for yourself in our video, below, from the pollera procession in Las Tablas, Panama on the final night of Carnival.
Panamanian pollera travel tip
To really get your fill of polleras plan to be in Las Tablas, Panama for the Parade of 1,000 Polleras. This annual event, usually held in January, includes nearly every woman in the region wearing her pollera finery usually attracting more than 1,000 paraders.
Carnival travel tip
In Santo Domingo, check out Hostal Familiar La Casita de los Kimmell. Martha Kimmell has stylishly transformed her great grandmother’s home into a peaceful, well-appointed (A/C, Wi-Fi) and very comfortable 5-room guest house (from US$92.60 during Carnival but cheaper the rest of the year, including breakfast and a welcome cocktail). It’s located just a few blocks from the square in Santo Domingo and the cool, quite rooms and peaceful garden with hammocks are the perfect places to rest up for more Carnival action. Reservations are a must during Carnival.
Here’s more about travel in Panama
The color of pom pom and shoes signified marital status.